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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

T-cell interaction with ICAM-1/ICAM-2 double-deficient brain endothelium in vitro: the cytoplasmic tail of endothelial ICAM-1 is necessary for transendothelial migration of T cells.

Endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and ICAM-2 are both involved in lymphocyte extravasation during immunosurveillance and inflammation. To define their exact role during T-cell extravasation, we used mouse T cells and ICAM-1-/-ICAM-2-/- brain endothelioma cells. ICAM-1-/-ICAM-2-/- brain endothelioma cells did not support transendothelial migration (TEM) of T cells in vitro. Re-expression of different ICAM-1 mutants in the ICAM-1-/-ICAM-2-/- endothelioma line bEndI1/2.1 or in the ICAM-1-/- endothelioma line bEndI1.1 demonstrated that the extracellular domain of ICAM-1 suffices to support T-cell adhesion while the presence of the cytoplasmic tail was strictly required for TEM. Surprisingly, tyrosine phosphorylation of endothelial ICAM-1 was not necessary for TEM of T cells or for Rho guanosine triphosphatase (RhoGTPase) activation. Furthermore, cytoplasmic deletion mutants of ICAM-1 were unable to mediate RhoGTPase activation. Thus, our data demonstrate that the cytoplasmic tail of endothelial ICAM-1-independently from tyrosine phosphorylation-is essential for supporting TEM of T lymphocytes, while Rho signaling is involved in endothelial cells.[1]


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