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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ryanodine receptor mutations associated with stress-induced ventricular tachycardia mediate increased calcium release in stimulated cardiomyocytes.

Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum mediated by the cardiac ryanodine receptor ( RyR2) is a fundamental event in cardiac muscle contraction. RyR2 mutations suggested to cause defective Ca2+ channel function have recently been identified in catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) affected individuals. We report expression of three CPVT-linked human RyR2 (hRyR2) mutations (S2246L, N4104K, and R4497C) in HL-1 cardiomyocytes displaying correct targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum. N4104K also localized to the Golgi apparatus. Phenotypic characteristics including intracellular Ca2+ handling, proliferation, viability, RyR2:FKBP12.6 interaction, and beat rate in resting HL-1 cells expressing mutant hRyR2 were indistinguishable from wild-type (WT) hRyR2. However, Ca2+ release was augmented in cells expressing mutant hRyR2 after RyR activation (caffeine and 4-chloro-m-cresol) or beta-adrenergic stimulation (isoproterenol). RyR2:FKBP12.6 interaction remained intact after caffeine or 4-CMC activation, but was dramatically disrupted by isoproterenol or forskolin, an activator of adenylate cyclase. Isoproterenol and forskolin elevated cyclic-AMP to similar magnitudes in all cells and were associated with equivalent hyperphosphorylation of mutant and WT hRyR2. CPVT-linked mutations in hRyR2 did not alter resting cardiomyocyte phenotype but mediated augmented Ca2+ release on RyR-agonist or beta-AR stimulation. Furthermore, equivalent interaction between mutant and WT hRyR2 and FKBP12.6 was demonstrated.[1]


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