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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Membrane localization of endopeptidase-24.11 and peptidyl dipeptidase A (angiotensin converting enzyme) in the pig brain: a study using subcellular fractionation and electron microscopic immunocytochemistry.

Brains from piglets were dissected and a block of tissue including the substantia nigra, globus pallidus, and entopeduncular nucleus was homogenized and then fractionated on discontinuous Percoll gradients. Ligand-binding assays using (-)-[3H]nicotine and [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate served to delineate fractions containing nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors. In this system endopeptidase-24.11 exhibited a biphasic distribution, consistent with its presence on both pre- and postsynaptic membranes. Peptidyl dipeptidase A (angiotensin converting enzyme; ACE) was associated with membrane fractions containing muscarinic receptors. An immunoblot of these fractions with an affinity-purified polyclonal antibody to ACE revealed only the neuronal form of ACE (Mr 170,000), the endothelial form (Mr 180,000) being undetectable. Electron microscopic immunoperoxidase staining of the substantia nigra, with an affinity-purified antibody to endopeptidase-24.11 at the preembedding stage, showed this antigen to be confined to the plasma membranes of boutons, axons, and some dendrites. Both pre- and postsynaptic membranes were stained, and occasionally other regions of the dendritic membrane were positive. No staining of synaptic vesicles within the boutons was observed. Thus, two independent approaches indicate that endopeptidase-24.11 is present on both pre- and postsynaptic membranes in the pig substantia nigra. The subcellular fractionation suggests that neuronal ACE is confined to dendritic membranes.[1]


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