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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: an ultrastructural and immunohistochemical analysis with histogenetic considerations.

Sclerosing stromal tumors are rare, benign ovarian neoplasms of unknown etiology and histogenesis. Three sclerosing stromal tumors were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy and were compared to two thecomas and nonneoplastic ovarian mesenchymal tissue. The sclerosing stromal tumors and thecomas were positive for muscle-specific actin; immunoreactivity was intense in the cellular areas of the sclerosing stromal tumors and focal in the thecomas. This antigen was expressed in nonneoplastic stroma predominantly in a perifollicular (theca externa) distribution. Two sclerosing stromal tumors and both thecomas were vimentin positive. Desmin was present in nonvascular cells in one of each tumor type. Expression of vimentin diffusely and of desmin focally was present in nonneoplastic cortical stroma and surrounding follicles. All specimens were nonreactive for cytokeratin. Electron microscopy supported differentiation toward smooth muscle in the sclerosing stromal tumors but not in the thecomas. Such differentiation included aggregates of cytoplasmic filaments with interspersed dense bodies, pinocytotic vesicles, and basal lamina. Delicate, long processes interconnected cells, often with primitive junctions, in the hypocellular foci. Cytoplasmic lipid, which was present in the thecomas, was not well developed in the sclerosing stromal tumors. It is proposed that a population of muscle-specific actin-positive elements exists in the theca externa--the perifollicular myoid stromal cell--and that sclerosing stromal tumors may originate from them. Sclerosing stromal tumors and thecomas share many antigenic determinants and morphologic features and thus are probably closely related entities.[1]


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