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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A delay in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell cycle that is induced by a dicentric chromosome and dependent upon mitotic checkpoints.

Dicentric chromosomes are genetically unstable and depress the rate of cell division in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have characterized the effects of a conditionally dicentric chromosome on the cell division cycle by using microscopy, flow cytometry, and an assay for histone H1 kinase activity. Activating the dicentric chromosome induced a delay in the cell cycle after DNA replication and before anaphase. The delay occurred in the absence of RAD9, a gene required to arrest cell division in response to DNA damage. The rate of dicentric chromosome loss, however, was elevated in the rad9 mutant. A mutation in BUB2, a gene required for arrest of cell division in response to loss of microtubule function, diminished the delay. Both RAD9 and BUB2 appear to be involved in the cellular response to a dicentric chromosome, since the conditionally dicentric rad9 bub2 double mutant was highly inviable. We conclude that a dicentric chromosome results in chromosome breakage and spindle aberrations prior to nuclear division that normally activate mitotic checkpoints, thereby delaying the onset of anaphase.[1]


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