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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Benzo[e]pyrene elicits changes in the biochemical activities and chromatographic behavior of murine hepatic cytochromes P-450 that are distinct from those induced by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.

The objective of this study was to examine the potential for a specific ligand of carcinogen binding protein (CBP) to induce changes in the overall character of hepatic microsomal cytochromes P-450 (P450) and to compare potential changes with those induced by an Ah receptor ligand. Benzo[e]pyrene (BeP) was previously shown to bind CBP with high affinity and Ah receptor with low affinity. In contrast, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) binds Ah receptor avidly and CBP weakly. Hepatic microsomes were prepared from C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) mice treated with corn oil, BeP or TCDD. Relative to corn oil controls, pretreatment of B6 mice with BeP or TCDD increased the nmol P450/mg microsomal protein content 26 and 28%, respectively. In D2 mice, nmol P450/mg microsomal protein was increased 23% in the BeP pretreatment, while TCDD pretreatment had no effect relative to the corn oil controls. For the O-alkyl ethers of resorufin, rates of metabolism (per nmol P450) were affected differently in B6 and D2 by BeP pretreatment. Pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase activity was reduced to 44% of control activity in B6 mice and increased 39% relative to controls in D2 mice. BeP pretreatment had no effect on ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase activity in B6 mice, while this activity was decreased to 58% of controls in D2 mice. Additionally, benzyloxyresorufin O-dealkylase activity was reduced to 65% of control levels in B6 mice and not affected in D2 mice. Methoxyresorufin O-dealkylase activity was reduced in both strains to an average of 55% of control values. As expected, TCDD pretreatment resulted in increases of all O-dealkylations measured in both strains of mouse. For both inbred strains of mouse, anion exchange chromatography revealed a P450 peak associated with BeP pretreatment that was not present in chromatograms generated with corn oil or TCDD pretreatments. Results of enzyme linked immunosorbant assays also indicated that the pattern of P450 isoenzyme expression associated with BeP pretreatment was distinct from that associated with TCDD pretreatment. Overall, these data show that treatment with a specific ligand of CBP induces changes the biochemical activities and chromatographic behavior of P450 isozymes in murine hepatic microsomes. Moreover, they indicate that changes in P450 occurring after treatment with a CBP ligand are distinct from those changes that are associated with treatment with an Ah receptor ligand (TCDD). Differences between B6 and D2 strains suggest that the hepatic P450 changes occurring in response to pretreatment with a CBP ligand may be influenced by the presence of Ah receptor.[1]


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