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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genomic organization of a polymorphic duplicated region centromeric of HLA-B.

The region between tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and HLA-B in the central major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is polymorphic and associated with several autoimmune diseases. The polymorphisms are haplospecific or haplotypic and retained within the same MHC ancestral haplotype (AH). We have cloned this region from four AHs into lambda bacteriophage and found that a highly polymorphic region in the TNF-HLA-B interval is duplicated. Clones from this region isolated from three MHC AHs show two populations. The regions, designated CL1 and CL2, have different sizes of Bam HI fragments carrying the duplicated sequences. These fragments correspond to those seen after Bam HI restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of genomic DNA from the same cell lines. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis analysis shows that both CL1 and CL2 are in the central MHC and are about 16 kilobases apart. DNA cloning and RFLP analysis demonstrate that the CL region is highly polymorphic but retained within an MHC AH. Polymorphism and duplication are common characteristics of the genes found in the MHC and therefore the CL sequences have the potential to be interesting in this respect.[1]


  1. Genomic organization of a polymorphic duplicated region centromeric of HLA-B. Leelayuwat, C., Abraham, L.J., Tabarias, H., Christiansen, F.T., Dawkins, R.L. Immunogenetics (1992) [Pubmed]
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