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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibitory effect of somatostatin analogue RC-160 on the growth of hepatic metastases of colon cancer in rats: a study with magnetic resonance imaging.

The effect of somatostatin analogue RC-160 on the growth of hepatic metastases of colon cancer was investigated in rats using magnetic resonance imaging. Experimental liver metastatic tumors were established in syngeneic BDIX rats after intrasplenic injection of DHD/K12 colon adenocarcinoma cells. Each rat with implanted liver tumors received s.c. injections of somatostatin analogue RC-160 (50 micrograms/kg) or the vehicle (control) twice a day for 4 weeks, starting 3 weeks after tumor inoculation. During the treatment with RC-160, the growth of liver tumors was studied quantitatively by measuring liver tumor volumes in vivo with magnetic resonance imaging at intervals of 7 days. Chronic administration of RC-160 inhibited the growth of hepatic metastases of colon cancer in rats. Significant inhibition of liver tumor growth in RC-160-treated rats was observed throughout the treatment. The final liver tumor volume in the treated rats was decreased by 56.1% as compared to the controls. The treatment with RC-160 reduced the percentage increase in liver tumor volume from 1575 +/- 674% (mean +/- SEM) for the control to 1034 +/- 727% in the treated group. The tumor volume doubling time in treated rats was 3.7 days longer than the controls. The liver tumor growth delay time was 15.1 days. At the end of the treatment, the incidence of ascites and the weights of tumorous livers were also decreased by RC-160 treatment. Administration of RC-160 prolonged the median survival time by 13 days in treated rats. In cell cultures, significant inhibitory effects of somatostatin-14 and RC-160 on the growth of DHD/K12 colon cancer cells were determined by MTT assay and [3H]-thymidine incorporation assay, indicating direct effects of these peptides on the growth of colon cancer cells in vitro. These data suggest that administration of RC-160 could inhibit the growth of colon cancer and their hepatic metastases in rats. Somatostatin analogue RC-160 might be considered as a potential new agent for the treatment of patients with hepatic metastases of colorectal cancers.[1]


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