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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Partially hepatectomized rats: a model for the study of the effect of toxins on the plasma protein profiles of nascent hepatocytes.

A useful framework is proposed for unifying the synthesis of plasma proteins and their degradation by, or release from, liver cells of intact and partially hepatectomized rats, in which synthesis and release of acute-phase plasma proteins occur in synchrony with the internalization and catabolism of plasma and extracellular proteins. The catabolism of proteins and other hepato-intracellular glycoproteins during sepsis or trauma is essential to provide constituent amino acids and carbohydrates for the synthesis of acute-phase plasma proteins. Increases in the plasma levels of acute-phase response proteins in sham-operated rats reached a maximum between 1 and 2 d after mock surgery, and had returned virtually to control levels within 6 d. By contrast, acute-phase proteins in the plasma of partially hepatectomized rats were decreased by 10-20% of their initial values after 24 h. A maximum acute-phase response on d 7 after the operation was characterized by an increase of 181, 445, and 19% for alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, hepatoglobin, and hemopexin, whereas other acute-phase proteins remained below control levels, for example, by 11, 25, and 38% for albumin, transferrin, and prealbumin, respectively. This delayed response suggests that the nascent liver cells had inherited the capacity of the parent cells to respond to inflammatory signal and had synthesized acute-phase plasma proteins. Accordingly, a time frame for the application of toxin to nascent hepatocytes is suggested. An increased activity (300 +/- 50%) for both bound and free neuraminidase in remnant liver tissue 19 h post partial hepatectomy suggested that hepatic regenerating factor(s) were produced in liver tissue via the hepatic bound and/or free neuraminidase-mediated desialylation of humoral substrates. By contrast, circulating levels of lysosomal enzymes alpha-fucosidase and beta-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase were increased marginally after 24 h but had returned nearly to control levels after 7 d, suggesting that lysosomal acid hydrolases do not play a major role in regenerative DNA synthesis, mitosis, or in the synthesis of acute-phase plasma proteins.[1]


  1. Partially hepatectomized rats: a model for the study of the effect of toxins on the plasma protein profiles of nascent hepatocytes. Fouad, F.M., Farrell, P.G., Marshall, W.D., Scherer, R., Ruhenstroth-Bauer, G. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. (1992) [Pubmed]
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