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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human luteal cells express dipeptidyl peptidase IV on the cell surface.

We previously reported that human theca interna cells and small luteal cells express membrane-bound aminopeptidase N, and suggested that membrane-bound peptidases are involved in folliculogenesis and luteal function by regulating extracellular peptide concentrations. In this study, we examined the expression of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV), which is a membrane-bound peptidase and has its catalytic domain at extracellular sites, in human granulosa cells, thecal cells of growing, preovulatory, and atretic follicles, as well as corpora lutea. Indirect immunofluorescence staining of ovarian tissues with specific monoclonal antibodies revealed that DPP IV was present in large and small luteal cells in corpora lutea. DPP IV peptidase activity was also detected histochemically in corpora lutea. In growing, preovulatory, and atretic follicles, there was weak immunoreactivity and DPP IV peptidase activity on luteinized theca interna cells, but not on granulosa cells. The expression of DPP IV on the cell surface of large and small luteal cells was confirmed by indirect immunofluorescence staining of freshly isolated luteal cells. These results indicate that DPP IV is a useful surface differentiation marker of human luteal cells and suggest that peptidases are involved in luteal function.[1]


  1. Human luteal cells express dipeptidyl peptidase IV on the cell surface. Fujiwara, H., Maeda, M., Imai, K., Fukuoka, M., Yasuda, K., Takakura, K., Mori, T. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1992) [Pubmed]
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