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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclosporin A treatment of young children with newly-diagnosed type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. London Diabetes Study Group.

Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of cyclosporin A in modifying the initial course of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in older children and adults but none have reported the effects in very young children. We treated 14 newly-diagnosed Type 1 diabetic patients aged 22 months to 95 months with cyclosporin A. Mean insulin dose at entry was 0.7 +/- 0.07 Initial cyclosporin A dose was 10 Insulin dose reached a nadir of 0.13 by 180 days. Mean glucagon-stimulated connecting peptide levels were maximal at 6 months (0.75 nmol/l) and were maintained while on cyclosporin A. Insulin was discontinued in four patients for 4, 12, 15 and 30 months respectively. In five other patients the insulin dose was less than 0.15 for at least 3 months. Glycated haemoglobin levels for all patients were within the normal range. Side effects included anorexia, stomach pains, poor weight gain, hypertrichosis, gum hyperplasia, mild anaemia and elevated creatinine. All patients have now discontinued cyclosporin A and all but one have been followed for 5 years after discontinuation. Reasons for discontinuing cyclosporin A included exposure to chicken pox (varicella), non-resolving otitis media, incomplete or no response and relapse. All side effects have resolved since the treatment was discontinued. Following discontinuation of cyclosporin A insulin requirements and glycated hemoglobin levels increased while glucagon-stimulated connecting peptide levels declined dramatically.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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