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pYLZ vectors: Saccharomyces cerevisiae/Escherichia coli shuttle plasmids to analyze yeast promoters.

Two yeast/Escherichia coli shuttle vectors have been constructed to analyze promoter structures in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: the multicopy vector, pYLZ-2, and the centromere-based vector, pYLZ-6. Both plasmids contain the coding region of lacZ from E. coli lacking the N-terminal eight amino acids. The truncated reporter gene is preceded by a short polylinker (MCS) suitable for the insertion of promoter fragments. The vectors allow for the study of expression from complete promoters containing UAS and TATA elements, transcriptional start point(s) and the original context of the ATG start codon of a yeast gene. A yeast terminator fragment has been inserted 3' of the lacZ coding region. It contains the transcription termination region of the convergently transcribed yeast genes, GCY1 and PFY1, together with sequences corresponding to the mapped 3'-ends of the respective mRNAs. As an example, reporter activity was measured with promoter fragments from three yeast genes (GCY1, PFY1 and LEO1). The results demonstrate the efficiency of the plasmids for studying constitutive and regulated transcription, both at high and low levels of expression.[1]


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