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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of an NAD(+)-linked formaldehyde dehydrogenase from the facultative RuMP cycle methylotroph Arthrobacter P1.

When Arthrobacter P1 is grown on choline, betaine, dimethylglycine or sarcosine, an NAD(+)-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase is induced. This formaldehyde dehydrogenase has been purified using ammonium sulphate fractionation, anion exchange- and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The molecular mass of the native enzyme was 115 kDa +/- 10 kDa. Gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate indicated that the molecular mass of the subunit was 56 kDa +/- 3 kDa, which is consistent with a dimeric enzyme structure. After ammonium sulphate fractionation the partially purified enzyme required the addition of a reducing reagent in the assay mixture for maximum activity. The enzyme was highly specific for its substrates and the Km values were 0.10 and 0.80 mM for formaldehyde and NAD+, respectively. The enzyme was heat-stable at 50 degrees C for at least 10 min and showed a broad pH optimum of 8.1 to 8. 5. The addition of some metal-binding compounds and thiol reagents inhibited the enzyme activity.[1]


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