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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Arthroscopic surgery of the knee: its role in the support of U.S. troops during Operation Desert Shield on USNS mercy.

The role of arthroscopy in the preconflict deployment of a large number of military troops is not well defined. Between September 1990 and January 1991, while deployed to the Persian Gulf for Operation Desert Shield 73 patients underwent on-board elective arthroscopy on the USNS Mercy. There were 71 men and two women with an average age of 27 years (range 19-47). Indications for arthroscopy included clinical diagnosis of meniscus tear, acute hemarthrosis, chronic effusion, and intra-articular loose body. Findings at the time of arthroscopy included 34 patients (47%) with meniscus tears; 17 (23%) with anterior cruciate ligament tears; five (7%) with isolated grade II-IV chondromalacia involving the patella, trochlea, femoral condyles, or tibial plateaus; six (8%) with synovitis; four (5%) with osteochondritis dissecans of the medial femoral condyle; two (3%) with a medial retinacular tear secondary to patella dislocation; and 10 (14%) with normal arthroscopic examinations. Forty-nine patients (66%) were returned to duty at an average of 6 days postoperatively, obviating the need to evacuate these patients from the Middle East theatre.[1]


  1. Arthroscopic surgery of the knee: its role in the support of U.S. troops during Operation Desert Shield on USNS mercy. Buckley, S.L., Alexander, A., Jones, M., Culp, R.W., Smallman, T. Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association. (1992) [Pubmed]
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