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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential mRNA expression of the phosphoprotein p19/SCG10 gene family in mouse preimplantation embryos, uterus, and placenta.

The p19/SCG10 gene family encodes two structurally related cellular proteins that are implicated in signal transduction during differentiation of mammalian cells. Previous evidence suggests that both genes are expressed in a stage-specific manner but that expression of p19 is widespread, whereas that of SCG10 is restricted to developing neurons. To determine at which developmental stage these two genes are first expressed, we have probed for mRNA transcripts in preimplantation embryos and the utero-placental unit of the mouse. As determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify reverse-transcribed RNA, expression of both genes was detected in preimplantation embryos, although the temporal pattern was distinct. p19 mRNA appeared transiently in 2-cell embryos, was undetectable in morulae and early blastocysts and reappeared in expanded blastocysts. In contrast, embryonic expression of SCG10 mRNA commenced in morulae and was maintained through to the blastocyst stage. Interestingly, only SCG10 expression could be detected in blastocysts derived from cultures of 2-cell embryos. During the post-implantation period, SCG10 transcripts were only detected in the uterus and placenta by reverse transcriptase-PCR, whereas p19 mRNA could be detected by Northern blotting and showed stage-specific expression in both tissues. The data confirm that, at later developmental stages, expression of p19 is widespread while that of SCG10 is more restricted. The expression of both genes in preimplantation embryos suggests distinct but possibly overlapping roles for p19 and SCG10 in early mammalian development.[1]


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