The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning of ICAM-3, a third ligand for LFA-1, constitutively expressed on resting leukocytes.

The co-ordinated function of effector and accessory cells in the immune system is assisted by adhesion molecules on the cell surface that stabilize interactions between different cell types. Leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) is expressed on the surface of all white blood cells and is a receptor for intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM) 1 and 2 (ref. 3) which are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The interaction of LFA-1 with ICAMs 1 and 2 provides essential accessory adhesion signals in many immune interactions, including those between T and B lymphocytes and cytotoxic T cells and their targets. In addition, both ICAMs are expressed at low levels on resting vascular endothelium; ICAM-1 is strongly upregulated by cytokine stimulation and plays a key role in the arrest of leukocytes in blood vessels at sites of inflammation and injury. Recent work has indicated that resting leukocytes express a third ligand, ICAM-3, for LFA-1 (refs 11, 12). ICAM-3 is potentially the most important ligand for LFA-1 in the initiation of the immune response because the expression of ICAM-1 on resting leukocytes is low. We report the expression cloning of a complementary DNA, pICAM-3, encoding a protein constitutively expressed on all leukocytes, which binds LFA-1. ICAM-3 is closely related to ICAM-1, consists of five immunoglobulin domains, and binds LFA-1 through its two N-terminal domains.[1]


  1. Molecular cloning of ICAM-3, a third ligand for LFA-1, constitutively expressed on resting leukocytes. Fawcett, J., Holness, C.L., Needham, L.A., Turley, H., Gatter, K.C., Mason, D.Y., Simmons, D.L. Nature (1992) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities