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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The Snf1 kinase of the filamentous fungus Hypocrea jecorina phosphorylates regulation-relevant serine residues in the yeast carbon catabolite repressor Mig1 but not in the filamentous fungal counterpart Cre1.

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the SNF1 gene product phosphorylates the carbon catabolite repressor protein Mig1 under conditions when glucose is limiting, thereby relieving the fungus from catabolite repression. We have investigated whether the corresponding counterpart of filamentous fungi-the Cre1 protein-is also phosphorylated by Snf1. To this end, snf1, an ortholog of SNF1, was isolated from the ascomycete Hypocrea jecorina. The gene encodes a protein with high similarity to Snf1 kinases from other eukaryotes in its N-terminal catalytic domain, but little similarity in the C-terminal half of the protein, albeit some short aa-areas were detected, however, which are conserved in filamentous fungi and in yeast. Expression of snf1 is independent of the carbon source. An overexpressed catalytic domain of H. jecorina Snf1 readily phosphorylated yeast Mig1, but not a Mig1 mutant form, in which all four identified Snf1 phosphorylation sites (Phi XRXXSXXX Phi) had been mutated. The enzyme did neither phosphorylate H. jecorina Cre1 nor histone H3, another substrate of Snf1 kinase in yeast. H. jecorina Snf1 also phosphorylated peptides comprising the strict Snf1 consensus, but notably did not phosphorylate peptides containing the regulatory serine residue in Cre1 (=Ser(241) in H. jecorina Cre1 and Ser(266) in Sclerotinia sclerotiorum CRE1). The use of cell-free extracts of H. jecorina as protein source for Snf1 showed phosphorylation of an unknown 36 kDa protein, which was present only in extracts from glucose-grown mycelia. We conclude that the Snf1 kinase from H. jecorina is not involved in the phosphorylation of Cre1.[1]


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