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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel chromosomal translocation t(3;7)(q26;q21) in myeloid leukemia resulting in overexpression of EVI1.

The EVI1 proto-oncogene encodes a nuclear zinc finger protein that acts as a transcription repressor factor. In myeloid leukemia it is often activated by chromosomal rearrangements involving band 3q26, where the gene has been mapped. Here we report two leukemia cases [a chronic myeloid leukemia blast crisis (CML-BC) and an acute myeloid leukemia (AML) M4] showing a t(3;7)(q26;q21) translocation in a balanced and unbalanced form, respectively. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis revealed that both patients showed a breakpoint on chromosome 3 inside the clone RP11-33A1 containing the EVI1 oncogene and, on chromosome 7, inside the clone RP11-322M5, partially containing the CDK6 oncogene which is a D cyclin-dependent kinase gene, observed to be overexpressed and disrupted in many hematological malignancies. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis showed overexpression of EVI1 in both cases, but excluded the presence of any CDK6/ EVI1 fusion transcript. CDK6 expression was also detected. Together, these data indicate that EVI1 activation is likely due not to the generation of a novel fusion gene with CDK6 but to a position effect dysregulating its transcriptional pattern.[1]


  1. A novel chromosomal translocation t(3;7)(q26;q21) in myeloid leukemia resulting in overexpression of EVI1. Storlazzi, C.T., Anelli, L., Albano, F., Zagaria, A., Ventura, M., Rocchi, M., Panagopoulos, I., Pannunzio, A., Ottaviani, E., Liso, V., Specchia, G. Ann. Hematol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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