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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Four PGE2 EP receptors are up-regulated in injured nerve following partial sciatic nerve ligation.

We previously reported that cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) is up-regulated in macrophages in injured nerve of rats with partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) and that local injection of the COX inhibitor ketorolac reversed tactile allodynia (Eur. J. Neurosci. 15: 1037-1047, 2002). These findings suggest that prostaglandins (PGs) are overproduced in injured nerve and are involved in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain. In this study, we examined whether overproduced PGs alter the expression of PGE2 receptors, EP1-EP4, in injured nerve of PSNL rats. We found that cell profiles immunoreactive (IR) for four EP receptors, EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4, are dramatically increased in injured nerve 2 and 4 weeks after PSNL. EP4-IR cells were the most abundant among these receptor-expressing cells. Immunoreactivities of all four EP receptors were localized to the cell nucleus. These EP-IR cells were never found in uninjured nerve. More than 80% EP1- and about 30% EP4-IR cells were identified as infiltrating macrophages since they coexpressed ED1. Only 3% EP2- and 6% EP3-IR cells coexpressed ED1. These findings suggest that majority of EP2-, EP3-, and EP4-IR cells are other types of inflammatory cells than macrophages. About 48% of macrophages expressed EP1 and 45% expressed EP4. Only 3 and 6% of macrophages, respectively, expressed EP2 and EP3. Perineural injection of ketorolac reversed tactile allodynia and suppressed the up-regulation of EP1 and EP4, but not the recruitment of ED1-IR marcrophages, in injured nerve. Our data suggest that following PSNL, PGE2 is one of the possible PGs overproduced in injured nerve and PG overproduction is involved in the up-regulation of EP receptors in injured nerve.[1]


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