The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of complement-binding CD21/CD19/CD81 in enhancing human B cell protection from Fas-mediated apoptosis.

Defective expression of Fas leads to B cell autoimmunity, indicating the importance of this apoptotic pathway in eliminating autoreactive B cells. However, B cells with anti-self specificities occasionally escape such regulation in individuals with intact Fas, suggesting ways of precluding this apoptosis. Here, we examine whether coligation of the B cell Ag receptor (BCR) with the complement (C3)-binding CD21/CD19/CD81 costimulatory complex can enhance the escape of human B cells from Fas-induced death. This was warranted given that BCR-initiated signals induce resistance to Fas apoptosis, some (albeit not all) BCR-triggered events are amplified by coligation of BCR and the co-stimulatory complex, and several self Ags targeted in autoimmune diseases effectively activate complement. Using a set of affinity-diverse surrogate Ags (receptor-specific mAb:dextran conjugates) with varying capacity to engage CD21, it was established that BCR:CD21 coligation lowers the BCR engagement necessary for inducing protection from Fas apoptosis. Enhanced protection was associated with altered expression of several molecules known to regulate Fas apoptosis, suggesting a unique molecular model for how BCR:CD21 coligation augments protection. BCR:CD21 coligation impairs the generation of active fragments of caspase-8 via dampened expression of membrane Fas and augmented expression of FLIP(L). This, in turn, diminishes the generation of cells that would be directly triggered to apoptosis via caspase-8 cleavage of caspase 3 (type I cells). Any attempt to use the mitochondrial apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (Apaf-1)-dependent pathway for apoptosis (as type II cells) is further blocked because BCR:CD21 coligation promotes up-regulation of the mitochondrial antiapoptotic molecule, Bcl-2.[1]


  1. Role of complement-binding CD21/CD19/CD81 in enhancing human B cell protection from Fas-mediated apoptosis. Mongini, P.K., Jackson, A.E., Tolani, S., Fattah, R.J., Inman, J.K. J. Immunol. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities