The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Group II and III metabotropic glutamate receptors and the control of the nucleus reticularis thalami input to rat thalamocortical neurones in vitro.

Intracellular recordings were made from neurones in the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) and ventro-basal (VB) thalamus in slices of rat midbrain in vitro. Electrical stimulation of the medial lemniscus or TRN resulted in the generation of complex synaptic potentials containing disynaptic inhibitory post-synaptic potentials (IPSPs) in VB thalamocortical neurones. Analysis of the excitatory synaptic responses in TRN neurones indicates they can produce burst output response irrespective of the level of sub-threshold membrane potential. This suggests that network-evoked IPSPs in VB thalamocortical neurones occur following a burst of TRN action potentials. Using ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists, the activation of these disynaptic events was blocked, and the monosynaptic IPSPs that resulted from the direct activation of the TRN could be isolated. The selective Group II agonists LY354740 (1-10 microM) and N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate (NAAG; 100-500 microM) both caused a reversible depression of these monosynaptic TRN IPSPs without any effect on membrane potential or input resistance. Likewise, the specific Group III agonist L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutanoate (10-500 microM), but not (RS)-4-phosphonophenylglycine (1 and 30 microM) also caused a reversible depression of these IPSPs, again without any effect on membrane potential or input resistance.Thus, the IPSPs recorded in VB thalamocortical neurones, evoked by TRN activation, can be depressed by the activation of either Group II or III metabotropic glutamate receptors. This is consistent with the location of these receptor types on the presynaptic terminals of TRN axons in the VB thalamus. This raises the possibility that, during periods of intense excitatory activity, glutamate release could influence the release of GABA from TRN axon terminals in the thalamus. In addition, as NAAG is located in the axons and terminals arising from the TRN, there is the possibility that this dipeptide is also released by these terminals to control the release of GABA during periods of high activity in the TRN.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities