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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Exercise preserves endothelium-dependent relaxation in coronary arteries of hypercholesterolemic male pigs.

We tested the hypothesis that exercise training (Ex) attenuates hypercholesterolemia-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) in male porcine coronary arteries [left anterior descending coronary arteries (LAD)] by increasing nitric oxide (NO) release [due to increased endothelial NO synthase (NOS) expression] and/or increased bioactivity of NO. Adult male pigs were fed a normal-fat (NF) or high-fat (HF) diet for 20-24 wk. Pigs were Ex or remained sedentary (Sed) for 16-20 wk, beginning after 4 wk on diet. Four groups of pigs were used: NF-Sed, NF-Ex, HF-Sed, and HF-Ex. HF enhanced LAD contractions induced by KCl, aggregating platelets (AP), and serotonin (5-HT). AP and 5-HT produced EDR after blockade of cyclooxygenase with indomethacin (Indo) and smooth-muscle 5-HT(2) receptors with ketanserin. HF impaired EDR induced by AP, 5-HT, and bradykinin. Results indicate a decreased contribution of NO to EDR in HF-Sed LADs, because the percentage of bradykinin-induced EDR inhibited by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester was 27% in NF-Sed and 34% in NF-Ex but only 17% in HF-Sed. Also, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester + Indo results indicate that release of an Indo-sensitive vasoconstrictor contributes to blunted EDR in HF-Sed LAD. Immunoblot and immunohistochemistry results indicate the following: 1) LAD endothelial NOS protein content was similar among groups; 2) HF decreased LAD superoxide dismutase (SOD) but increased caveolin-1 content; and 3) Ex increased SOD content of HF LADs. We conclude that HF impairs EDR by impairing the contribution of NO released from NOS (due to decreased SOD and increased caveolin-1 protein content) and by production of an Indo-sensitive vasoconstrictor. Ex preserves EDR in HF LADs by decreasing the production of the constrictor and increasing NO-release by NOS and/or NO bioactivity and bioavailability.[1]


  1. Exercise preserves endothelium-dependent relaxation in coronary arteries of hypercholesterolemic male pigs. Thompson, M.A., Henderson, K.K., Woodman, C.R., Turk, J.R., Rush, J.W., Price, E., Laughlin, M.H. J. Appl. Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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