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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differences between natriuretic peptide receptors in the olfactory bulb and hypothalamus from spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rat brain.

Natriuretic peptide receptor-A (NPR-A) functional characteristics in the hypothalamus and olfactory bulb (OB) have been investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Autoradiographic studies demonstrate a decreased number of atrial natriuretic peptide ( ANP) binding sites in the olfactory bulb and hypothalamus in SHR compared to WKY rats. We found that NPR-A showed a lower maximal binding capacity (B(max)) and higher affinity in SHR than in WKY rats both in the olfactory bulb and hypothalamus. However, despite the lower B(max) in SHR, both ANP(1-28) and ANP(5-25) stimulated similar or greater cGMP production than in WKY rats. These differences were found even before the development of hypertension. NPR-A in the olfactory bulb and hypothalamus from 3-week-old SHR showed a lower B(max) and K(d) and a higher cGMP production rate than in WKY rats, suggesting that these characteristics are intrinsic of NPR-A in SHR, instead of being a result of hypertension itself. The present study provides evidences for altered NPR-A receptor properties and function in the olfactory bulb and hypothalamus from SHR, which might be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension.[1]


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