The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Specificity and regulation of extracellularly regulated kinase1/2 phosphorylation through corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptors 1 and 2beta by the CRF/ urocortin family of peptides.

Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor (CRFR)-mediated activation of the ERKs 1/2-p42 and -44) has been reported for CRF, urocortin (Ucn)-I, and sauvagine. Recently two new members of the CRF/ Ucn family of peptides have been identified, Ucn-II/stresscopin-related peptide and Ucn-III/stresscopin. Using Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing CRFR1 and CRFR2beta, we show that Ucn-I, Ucn-II and Ucn-III activate ERK1/2-p42, 44 via CRFR2beta. CRF and Ucn-I but not Ucn-II or Ucn-III activates ERK1/2-p42, 44 in Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing CRFR1. The selectivity of the ligands for CRFR1 and CRFR2beta is shown in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The regulatory mechanisms for ERK1/2-p42, 44 activation by both receptor types are dependent on phosphatidylinositol-3 OH kinase, MAPK kinase 1, and phospholipase C. Raf-1 kinase, tyrosine kinases, and possibly intracellular Ca(2+) provide regulatory roles for Ucn-I activation of ERK1/2-p42, 44 by CRFR1 and CRFR2beta. Studies of the regulation of ERK1/2-p42, 44 by Ucn-I were extended to cell lines that endogenously express CRFR1 (AtT-20 and CATHa cells) and CRFR2 (A7r5 and CATHa cells). Use of the G(i) and G(o) protein inhibitor pertussis toxin showed that ERK1/2-p42, 44 activation by Ucn-I via CRFR1 and CRFR2beta are both G(i) and/or G(o) protein dependent. Based on the data in this study, we present putative signaling pathways by which the CRF/ Ucn family of peptides activate ERK1/2-p42, 44 by CRFRs.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities