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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of Vta1p, a class E Vps protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

We identified VTA1 in a screen for mutations that result in altered vacuole morphology. Deletion of VTA1 resulted in delayed trafficking of the lipophilic dye FM4-64 to the vacuole and altered vacuolar morphology when cells were exposed to the dye 5-(and 6)-carboxy-2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (CDCFDA). Deletion of class E vacuolar protein sorting (VPS) genes, which encode proteins that affect multivesicular body formation, also showed altered vacuolar morphology upon exposure to high concentrations of CDCFDA. These results suggest a VPS defect for Deltavta1 cells. Deletion of VTA1 did not affect growth on raffinose and only mildly affected carboxypeptidase S sorting. Turnover of the surface protein Ste3p, the a-factor receptor, was affected in Deltavta1 cells with the protein accumulating on the vacuolar membrane. Likewise the alpha-factor receptor Ste2p accumulated on the vacuolar membrane in Deltavta1 cells. We demonstrated that many class E VPS deletion strains are hyper-resistant to the cell wall disruption agent calcofluor white. Deletion of VTA1 or VPS60, another putative class E gene, resulted in calcofluor white hypersensitivity. A Vta1p-green fluorescent protein fusion protein transiently associated with a Pep12p-positive compartment. This localization was altered by deletion of many of the class E VPS genes, indicating that Vta1p binds to endosomes in a manner dependent on the assembly of the endosomal sorting complexes required for transport. Membrane-associated Vta1p co-purified with Vps60p, suggesting that Vta1p is a class E Vps protein that interacts with Vps60p on a prevacuolar compartment.[1]


  1. Characterization of Vta1p, a class E Vps protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Shiflett, S.L., Ward, D.M., Huynh, D., Vaughn, M.B., Simmons, J.C., Kaplan, J. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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