The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Infrequent alteration in the p53R2 gene in human transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary tract.

OBJECTIVE: Functional defects in DNA repair have been shown to be associated with genomic instability followed by cancer. Recently, p53R2 [p53-inducible ribonucleotide reductase (RR) small subunit 2 homologous] was identified as a novel RR gene which is directly regulated by p53 protein in the G1 and G2 phases of the cell cycle supplying nucleotides to repair damaged DNA. METHODS: We performed genetic analyses of p53R2 to determine whether p53R2 alterations play significant roles in urothelial tumorigenesis. Genomic DNA from 108 primary transitional cell carcinomas (TCCs; 81 of the urinary bladder and 27 of the renal pelvis or ureter) was analyzed for mutation in the p53R2 gene by direct sequencing. We focused on three domains of the p53R2 gene: one RR small subunit signature involving codons 120-146 (region 1) and two putative nuclear localization signal sequences, involving codons 149-155 (region 2) and codons 163-169 (region 3). In addition, a p53- binding site of 20 nucleotides in intron 1 of p53R2 was also analyzed. RESULTS: One renal pelvic TCC (0.9%: 1/108) had a single-base substitution in p53R2 with a G to T transversion resulting in the amino acid substitution Glu136 --> Asp. This base substitution was localized within the domain of exon 4 encoding the RR small subunit signature, and causes an amino acid substitution in one of the most highly conserved regions of p53R2, in which human R2 and yeast RNR2 and RNR4 proteins are highly homologous. CONCLUSION: This finding provides the in vivo evidence for the infrequent involvement of alterations in p53R2 inhuman urothelial TCCs.[1]


  1. Infrequent alteration in the p53R2 gene in human transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary tract. Hayashi, H., Furihata, M., Kuwahara, M., Kagawa, S., Shuin, T., Ohtsuki, Y. Pathobiology (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities