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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

uPARAP/endo180 directs lysosomal delivery and degradation of collagen IV.

Collagen turnover is crucial for tissue homeostasis and remodeling and pathological processes such as cancer invasion, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. A major pathway appears to be internalization and degradation by fibroblasts. We now show that the endocytic transmembrane glycoprotein urokinase plasminogen activator receptor-associated protein (uPARAP/endo180) directs collagen IV for lysosomal delivery and degradation. In wild-type fibroblasts, fluorescently labeled collagen IV was first internalized into vesicular structures with diffuse fluorescence eventually appearing uniformly within the wild-type cells after longer incubation times. In these cells, some collagen-containing vesicles were identified as lysosomes by staining for LAMP-1. In contrast, collagen IV remained extracellular and associated with fiber-like structures on uPARAP/endo180-deficient fibroblasts. Blocking lysosomal cysteine proteases with the inhibitor E64d resulted in strong accumulation of collagen IV in lysosomes in wild-type cells, but only very weak intracellular fluorescence accumulation in uPARAP/endo180-deficient fibroblasts. We conclude that uPARAP/endo180 is critical for targeted delivery of collagen IV to lysosomes for degradation implicating the receptor in normal and malignant extracellular matrix degradation. A similar localization pattern was observed for collagen V, suggesting that uPARAP/endo180 might be generally involved in collagen degradation.[1]

References

  1. uPARAP/endo180 directs lysosomal delivery and degradation of collagen IV. Kjøller, L., Engelholm, L.H., Høyer-Hansen, M., Danø, K., Bugge, T.H., Behrendt, N. Exp. Cell Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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