The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Involvement of reactive oxygen species, but not mitochondrial permeability transition in the apoptotic induction of human SK-Hep-1 hepatoma cells by shikonin.

Shikonin has been demonstrated to exhibit anti-cancer activity, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In this report, we showed that the administration of shikonin could result in the induction of apoptotic cell death of human hepatoma cell line, SK-Hep-1. As evident by the flow-cytometric studies, shikonin has the capability of generating increased amounts of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) during the early stage of this apoptotic process (ca. one-hour), and subsequently accompanied by the dissipation of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (deltapsi (m)) at 3 hours. Further studies indicated that this apoptotic process could effectively be protected by the pretreatment of shikonin-treated cells with glutathione (GSH) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a precursor of GSH, but not by cyclosporin A (CyA), an inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore. These data further proved that ROS-mediated oxidative stress was the pivotal element involved in the induction of apoptosis of SK-Hep-1 cells. Taken together, we suggest that shikonin-induced apoptosis of SK-Hep-1 cells proceeds by an oxidative stress-mediated pathway.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities