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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of the osteopontin gene by the orphan nuclear receptor NURR1 in osteoblasts.

The orphan nuclear receptor Nurr1 is mainly expressed in the central nervous system but is also detected in certain peripheral tissues such as bone. To elucidate the role of Nurr1 in bone, we examined the ability of Nurr1 to regulate osteopontin ( OPN) expression in osteoblastic cell lines. Transfection of Nurr1 in osteoblastic cells increased OPN mRNA expression. A dominant negative Nurr1 variant abolished the ability of PTH to induce OPN expression, suggesting that Nurr1 is involved in mediating the regulation of OPN by PTH. Nurr1 efficiently transactivated a luciferase reporter construct driven by the -857/+191 fragment of the mouse OPN promoter. The activation of the OPN promoter was mediated by the monomeric form of Nurr1, required direct binding of Nurr1 to the OPN promoter, and was dependent on the amino-terminal transactivation function-1. The OPN promoter is also regulated by vitamin D receptor and estrogen-related receptors. We show that Nurr1 and vitamin D activate the OPN promoter in a synergistic fashion, whereas Nurr1- mediated transactivation of the OPN promoter is repressed by estrogen-related receptors. In conclusion, Nurr1 activates the OPN promoter directly in osteoblastic cells, suggesting a role for Nurr1 in the regulation of bone homeostasis.[1]


  1. Regulation of the osteopontin gene by the orphan nuclear receptor NURR1 in osteoblasts. Lammi, J., Huppunen, J., Aarnisalo, P. Mol. Endocrinol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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