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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cellular defense against H2O2-induced apoptosis via MAP kinase-MKP-1 pathway.

Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) is an oxidative stress-inducible gene. In this study, we investigated signaling pathways involved in oxidative stress-induced MKP-1 expression and its role in apoptosis of rat mesangial cells. Northern and Western blot analyses showed that H(2)O(2) induced expression of MKP-1 mRNA and protein in a dose-dependent manner, without affecting the stability of the transcript. H(2)O(2) induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase, p38 MAP kinase, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase and consequently activated activator protein 1 (AP-1). Selective inhibitors of individual MAP kinases or a dominant-negative mutant of c-jun significantly suppressed the expression of MKP-1 by H(2)O(2). Inhibition of MKP-1 by a protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor (vanadate) enhanced H(2)O(2)-triggered apoptosis. Consistently, transfection with a wild-type MKP-1, but not its catalytically inactive mutant MKP-1CS, attenuated H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis. These data elucidate, for the first time, that induction of MKP-1 by H(2)O(2) is mediated by the MAP kinase-AP-1 pathway and that the induced MKP-1 is involved in cellular defense against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of mesangial cells.[1]


  1. Cellular defense against H2O2-induced apoptosis via MAP kinase-MKP-1 pathway. Xu, Q., Konta, T., Nakayama, K., Furusu, A., Moreno-Manzano, V., Lucio-Cazana, J., Ishikawa, Y., Fine, L.G., Yao, J., Kitamura, M. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
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