The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hepatitis A virus receptor blocks cell differentiation and is overexpressed in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

BACKGROUND: The molecular mechanisms underlying tumorigenesis and progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) are not well understood. We aimed to identify new molecular markers to provide insight into these processes. METHODS: This work reports on the identification of human hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1 (hHAVcr-1) as a differentially expressed gene in ccRCC using RNA-based arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (RAP-PCR). Results were further confirmed by Northern and Western blot assays. Carcinoma 769-P and normal HK-2 cells derived from proximal tubule epithelial cells, grown under different culture conditions, were used to understand the putative role of hHAVcr-1 in renal malignancy. hHAVcr-1 stable transfected clones and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) assays allowed assessing its involvement in cell differentiation. RESULTS: The hHAVcr-1 is overexpressed in eight out of 13 ccRCC and its expression neglected in benign oncocytomas. In culture, hhavcr-1 is dramatically overexpressed in normal and tumor cell lines that, having acquired the fully differentiated phenotype, are induced to de-differentiate by means of phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) treatment. Similarly, differentiation prevention by addition of PMA to confluent cells also increases hhavcr-1 expression. hHAVcr-1 stable transfected 769-P cells proved that hhavcr-1 itself blocks differentiation. Since hhavcr-1 is expressed at higher levels in tumor cells, we used an African green monkey cell model to show that immunotoxins directed against the monkey homologue of hhavcr-1 could kill kidney cells. CONCLUSION: Our results showed that hHAVcr-1 blocks differentiation of proximal tubule epithelial cells and that it could be used as a target for therapy of kidney carcinomas.[1]


  1. Hepatitis A virus receptor blocks cell differentiation and is overexpressed in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Vilà, M.R., Kaplan, G.G., Feigelstock, D., Nadal, M., Morote, J., Porta, R., Bellmunt, J., Meseguer, A. Kidney Int. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities