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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The mouse homologue of the leukocyte-associated Ig-like receptor-1 is an inhibitory receptor that recruits Src homology region 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP)-2, but not SHP-1.

We report the molecular cloning and characterization of the first leukocyte-associated Ig-like receptor 1 ( LAIR-1) homologue in mice that we have named mouse LAIR-1 (mLAIR-1). The mLAIR-1 gene maps to the proximal end of mouse chromosome 7 in a region syntenic with human chromosome 19q13.4 where the leukocyte receptor cluster is located. The protein shares 40% sequence identity with human LAIR-1, has a single Ig-like domain, and contains two immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif-like structures in its cytoplasmic tail. Mouse LAIR-1 is broadly expressed on various immune cells, and cross-linking of the molecule on stably transfected RBL-2H3 and YT.2C2 cells results in strong inhibition of their degranulation and cytotoxic activities, respectively. Upon pervanadate stimulation, the mLAIR-1 cytoplasmic tail becomes phosphorylated, thereby recruiting Src homology region 2-containing tyrosine phosphatase-2. Interestingly, unlike human LAIR-1, Src homology region 2-containing tyrosine phosphatase-1 is not recruited to the mLAIR-1 cytoplasmic tail. Screening human and mouse cell lines for mLAIR-1 and human LAIR-1 binding partners identified several lines expressing putative ligand(s) for both receptors.[1]


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