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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and some properties of superoxide dismutase from Deinococcus radiophilus, the UV-resistant bacterium.

The superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC of Deinococcus radiophilus, a bacterium extraordinarily resistant to UV, ionizing radiations, and oxidative stress, was purified 1,920-fold with a 58% recovery yield from the cell-free extract of stationary cells by steps of ammonium sulfate fractionation and Superdex G-75 gel-filtration chromatography. A specific activity of the purified enzyme preparation was ca. 31,300 U mg(-1) protein. D. radiophilus SOD is Mn/FeSOD, judging by metal analysis and its insensitivity to cyanide and a partial sensitivity to H2O2. The molecular weights of the purified enzyme estimated by gel chromatography and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis are 51.5+/-1 and 47.1+/-5 kDa, respectively. The SOD seems to be a homodimeric protein with a molecular mass of 26 +/- 0.5 kDa per monomer. The purified native SOD showed very acidic pI of ca. 3. 8. The enzyme was stable at pH 5.0-11.0, but quite unstable below pH 5. 0. SOD was thermostable up to 40 degrees C, but a linear reduction in activity above 50 degrees C. Inhibition of the purified SOD activity by beta-naphthoquinone-4-sulfonic acid, rho-diazobenzene sulfonic acid, and iodine suggests that lysine, histidine, and tyrosine residues are important for the enzyme activity. The N-terminal peptide sequence of D. radiophilus Mn/FeSOD (MAFELPQLPYAYDALEPHIDA(> D) is strikingly similar to those of D. radiodurans MnSOD and Aerobacter aerogenes FeSOD.[1]


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