The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glutamate modulation of human lymphocyte growth: in vitro studies.

Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation induced by phytohemagglutinin, or by anti-CD3 alone or plus anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) was inhibited by glutamate (Glu) in a concentration-dependent manner. This inhibition was not reproduced by selective ionotropic Glu receptor agonists, whereas it was potentiated by l-buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine, which depletes glutathione (GSH) stores, and counteracted by 2-mercaptoethanol, a preserver of cell thiols. The inhibitory effects of Glu were related to depletion of intracellular GSH stores, since it decreased GSH levels in a concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, Glu modulated cytokine secretion by anti-CD3 mAb activated PBMC: it increased IFN-gamma (+44.3+/-8.2%) and IL-10 (+31.6+/-9.7%) secretion, whereas that of IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, and TNF-alpha was not affected. These data suggest that high levels of Glu, which can be reached in damaged tissues, modulate lymphocyte responses to activating stimuli by favouring polarization of the T helper effector response.[1]


  1. Glutamate modulation of human lymphocyte growth: in vitro studies. Lombardi, G., Miglio, G., Dianzani, C., Mesturini, R., Varsaldi, F., Chiocchetti, A., Dianzani, U., Fantozzi, R. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities