The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Proteomic surveillance of autoimmunity in osteoarthritis: identification of triosephosphate isomerase as an autoantigen in patients with osteoarthritis.

OBJECTIVE: Autoimmunity to proteins, such as type II collagen and cartilage intermediate layer protein, that are produced by chondrocytes has been reported in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) as well as in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, it remains to be determined whether the overall specificities of the autoimmunity differ between OA and RA patients. This study sought to clarify the differences by applying proteomic surveillance for the detection of autoantigens comprehensively. METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 20 patients with OA, 20 patients with RA, and 20 healthy volunteers. Human chondrocyte proteins were separated from the sera by 2-dimensional electrophoresis, and antigenic protein spots were detected by Western blotting. The antigenic proteins were then identified by mass fingerprinting. The antigenicity of the identified proteins was confirmed and the prevalence of the autoantibodies in the OA, RA, and other disease groups was determined with the use of recombinant proteins. In addition, autoepitopes were mapped on the antigens. RESULTS: Nineteen protein spots were recognized only by the OA sera, but not by the RA sera. One of these proteins was identified as triosephosphate isomerase (TPI). IgG-type anti-TPI autoantibodies were detected in 24.7% of the serum samples and 24.1% of the synovial fluid samples from the patients with OA, whereas <6% of the RA and systemic lupus erythematosus samples were positive for anti-TPI. In addition, multiple autoepitopes were identified on TPI. CONCLUSION: The overall profile of autoimmunity in OA differs from that in RA, which may reflect the OA-specific pathologic role of autoimmunity. The autoantibody to TPI, detected predominantly in the OA samples and produced by the antigen-driven mechanism, has the potential to be used as a diagnostic marker for OA.[1]


  1. Proteomic surveillance of autoimmunity in osteoarthritis: identification of triosephosphate isomerase as an autoantigen in patients with osteoarthritis. Xiang, Y., Sekine, T., Nakamura, H., Imajoh-Ohmi, S., Fukuda, H., Nishioka, K., Kato, T. Arthritis Rheum. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities