The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Loss of chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase-1 function results in severe human chondrodysplasia with progressive spinal involvement.

We studied two large consanguineous families from Oman with a distinct form of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SED Omani type). By using a genome-wide linkage approach, we were able to map the underlying gene to a 4.5-centimorgan interval on chromosome 10q23. We sequenced candidate genes from the region and identified a missense mutation in the chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase (C6ST-1) gene (CHST3) changing an arginine into a glutamine (R304Q) in the well conserved 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate binding site. C6ST-1 catalyzes the modifying step of chondroitin sulfate (CS) synthesis by transferring sulfate to the C-6 position of the N-acetylgalactosamine of chondroitin. From the crystal structures of other sulfotransferases, it could be inferred that Arg-304 is essential for the structure of the cosubstrate binding site. We used recombinant C6ST-1 to show that the identified missense mutation completely abolishes C6ST-1 activity. Disaccharide composition analysis of CS chains by anion-exchange HPLC shows that both Delta HexA-GalNAc(6S) and Delta HexA(2S)-GalNAc(6S) were significantly reduced in the patient's cells and that Delta HexA-GalNAc(4S,6S), undetectable in controls, was elevated. Analysis of the patient's urine shows marked undersulfation of CS, in particular reduction in 6-O-sulfated disaccharide and an increase in the nonsulfated unit. Our results indicate that the mutation in CHST3 described here causes a specific but generalized defect of CS chain sulfation resulting in chondrodysplasia with major involvement of the spine.[1]


  1. Loss of chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase-1 function results in severe human chondrodysplasia with progressive spinal involvement. Thiele, H., Sakano, M., Kitagawa, H., Sugahara, K., Rajab, A., Höhne, W., Ritter, H., Leschik, G., Nürnberg, P., Mundlos, S. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities