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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evaluation of 5-hydroxytryptophol and other endogenous serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) analogs as substrates for UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A6.

Serotonin is a specific in vitro substrate for human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase ( UGT) 1A6. In this study, the contribution of UGT1A6 to the glucuronidation of endogenous structural analogs of serotonin, including 5-hydroxytryptophol, N-acetylserotonin, and 6-hydroxymelatonin, was evaluated using available recombinant human UGT isoforms, human liver microsomes, and liver microsomes from animals that do not express functional UGT1A6 (Gunn rats and cats). Only UGT1A6 and UGT1A9 were found to glucuronidate 5-hydroxytryptophol at a concentration of 2 mM, although the glucuronidation rate with UGT1A6 was over 10 times that of UGT1A9. K(m) values for human liver microsomes (156, 141, and 134 microM) were most similar to that of expressed UGT1A6 (135 microM) but vastly different from that of UGT1A9 (3674 microM). 5-Hydroxytryptophol glucuronidation by human liver microsomes (n = 54) correlated well with serotonin glucuronidation (R(s) = 0.83) and UGT1A6 protein content (R(s) = 0.85). 5-Hydroxytryptophol also competitively inhibited serotonin glucuronidation by human liver microsomes (K(i) = 291 microM) and UGT1A6 (K(i) = 200 microM). N-acetylserotonin was glucuronidated most extensively by UGT1A6, although UGT1A9 and UGT1A10 showed moderate catalysis. 6-Hydroxymelatonin was glucuronidated largely by UGT1A9 and UGT1A10 but not at all by UGT1A6. Gunn rat liver glucuronidation rates for serotonin, 5-hydroxytryptophol, N-acetylserotonin, and 6-hydroxymelatonin were 11, 5, 32, and 3%, respectively, of that of normal rat liver. Cat liver microsomes did not glucuronidate serotonin, whereas relatively low activities were observed for the other indole substrates. In conclusion, these results indicate that human UGT1A6 plays a predominant role in the glucuronidation of 5-hydroxytryptophol and N-acetylserotonin, whereas 6-hydroxymelatonin is not a substrate for this enzyme.[1]


  1. Evaluation of 5-hydroxytryptophol and other endogenous serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) analogs as substrates for UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A6. Krishnaswamy, S., Hao, Q., Von Moltke, L.L., Greenblatt, D.J., Court, M.H. Drug Metab. Dispos. (2004) [Pubmed]
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