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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Plasma pharmacokinetics and metabolism of the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin a after intraperitoneal administration to mice.

Trichostatin A is a potent and specific histone deacetylase inhibitor with promising antitumor activity in preclinical models. Plasma pharmacokinetics of trichostatin A were studied following single-dose intraperitoneal administration of 80 mg/kg (high dose) or 0.5 mg/kg (low dose) to female BALB/c mice. Plasma trichostatin A concentrations were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-UV assay (high dose) or by HPLC-multiple reaction monitoring assay (low dose). Trichostatin A was rapidly absorbed from the peritoneum and detectable in plasma within 2 min. Cmax of 40 microg/ml and 8 ng/ml occurred within 5 min, followed by rapid exponential decay in plasma trichostatin A concentration with t1/2 of 6.3 min and 9.6 min (high and low doses, respectively). Phase I metabolites at the high dose were identified by simultaneous UV and positive ion electrospray mass spectrometry. Trichostatin A underwent extensive metabolism: primary metabolic pathways were N-demethylation, reduction of the hydroxamic acid to the corresponding trichostatin A amide, and oxidative deamination to trichostatic acid. N-Monomethyl trichostatin A amide was the major plasma metabolite. No didemethylated compounds were identified. Trichostatic acid underwent further biotransformation: reduction and beta-oxidation of the carboxylic acid, with or without N-demethylation, resulted in formation of dihydro trichostatic acid and dinor dihydro trichostatic acids. HPLC fractions corresponding to trichostatin A and N-demethylated trichostatin A exhibited histone deacetylase-inhibitory activity; no other fractions were biologically active. We conclude that trichostatin A is rapidly and extensively metabolized in vivo following intraperitoneal administration to mice, and N-demethylation does not compromise histone deacetylase-inhibitory activity.[1]


  1. Plasma pharmacokinetics and metabolism of the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin a after intraperitoneal administration to mice. Sanderson, L., Taylor, G.W., Aboagye, E.O., Alao, J.P., Latigo, J.R., Coombes, R.C., Vigushin, D.M. Drug Metab. Dispos. (2004) [Pubmed]
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