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Solvent-free lipase-catalyzed preparation of diacylglycerols.

Various methods have been applied for the enzymatic preparation of diacylglycerols that are used as dietary oils for weight reduction in obesity and related disorders. Interesterification of rapeseed oil triacylglycerols with commercial preparations of monoacylglycerols, such as Monomuls 90-O18, Mulgaprime 90, and Nutrisoft 55, catalyzed by immobilized lipase from Rhizomucor miehei (Lipozyme RM IM) in vacuo at 60 degrees C led to extensive (from 60 to 75%) formation of diacylglycerols. Esterification of rapeseed oil fatty acids with Nutrisoft, catalyzed by Lipozyme RM in vacuo at 60 degrees C, also led to extensive (from 60 to 70%) formation of diacylglycerols. Esterification of rapeseed oil fatty acids with glycerol in vacuo at 60 degrees C, catalyzed by Lipozyme RM and lipases from Thermomyces lanuginosus (Lipozyme TL IM) and Candida antarctica (lipase B, Novozym 435), also provided diacylglycerols, however, to a lower extent (40-45%). Glycerolysis of rapeseed oil triacylglycerols with glycerol in vacuo at 60 degrees C, catalyzed by Lipozyme TL and Novozym 435, led to diacylglycerols to the extent of </=50%. Repeated use of Lipozyme RM in the esterification of rapeseed oil fatty acids with Monomuls resulted in minor reduction of its activity. The products of esterification of rapeseed oil fatty acids with Monomuls and glycerol yielded upon short-path vacuum distillation residues (diacylglycerol oils) containing 66-70% diacylglycerols.[1]

References

  1. Solvent-free lipase-catalyzed preparation of diacylglycerols. Weber, N., Mukherjee, K.D. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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