The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation of hypothalamic beta-endorphin-regulated expression of natural killer cell cytolytic activity regulatory factors by ethanol in male Fischer-344 rats.

BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that ethanol administration suppresses natural killer (NK) cell cytolytic activity, partly by decreasing the action of hypothalamic beta-endorphin (beta-EP) on the spleens of male Fischer-344 rats. This study was conducted to examine the effects of ethanol and central administration of beta-EP on perforin, granzyme B, and the cytokine interferon (IFN)-gamma--factors that modulate NK cell cytolytic activity--to understand the mechanism involved in ethanol's suppression of NK cell activity. METHODS: A group of male Fischer-344 rats were fed an ethanol-containing diet (8.7% v/v), and a control group was pair-fed an isocaloric diet. At the end of 2 weeks, both groups were infused with beta-EP 100 ng/hr into the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus for 18 hr, and spleen tissues were immediately removed for analysis of perforin, granzyme B, and IFN-gamma messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels. The mRNA levels of perforin, granzyme B, and IFN-gamma were evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and the protein levels of perforin and granzyme B were analyzed by Western blot. RESULTS: Paraventricular nucleus administration of beta-EP increased the mRNA and protein expression of granzyme B and mRNA expression of IFN-gamma in pair-fed animals. Ethanol significantly reduced both basal and beta-EP-induced levels of granzyme B and IFN-gamma. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that chronic ethanol consumption suppresses beta-EP-induced NK cytolytic activity, granzyme B, and IFN-gamma in male Fischer-344 rats.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities