The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genes required for intrinsic multidrug resistance in Mycobacterium avium.

Genes required for intrinsic multidrug resistance by Mycobacterium avium were identified by screening a library of transposon insertion mutants for the inability to grow in the presence of ciprofloxacin, clarithromycin, and penicillin at subinhibitory concentrations. Two genes, pks12 and Maa2520, were disrupted in multiple drug-susceptible mutants. The pks12 gene (Maa1979), which may be cotranscribed with a downstream gene (Maa1980), is widely conserved in the actinomycetes. Its ortholog in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a polyketide synthase required for the synthesis of dimycocerosyl phthiocerol, a major cell wall lipid. Mutants of M. avium with insertions into pks12 exhibited altered colony morphology and were drug susceptible, but they grew as well as the wild type did in vitro and intracellularly within THP-1 cells. A pks12 mutant of M. tuberculosis was moderately more susceptible to clarithromycin than was its parent strain; however, susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and penicillin was not altered. M. avium complex (MAC) and M. tuberculosis appear to have different genetic mechanisms for resisting the effects of these antibiotics, with pks12 playing a relatively more significant role in MAC. The second genetic locus identified in this study, Maa2520, is a conserved hypothetical gene with orthologs in M. tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae. It is immediately upstream of Maa2521, which may code for an exported protein. Mutants with insertions at this locus were susceptible to multiple antibiotics and slow growing in vitro and were unable to survive intracellularly within THP-1 cells. Like pks12 mutants, they exhibited increased Congo red binding, an indirect indication of cell wall modifications. Maa2520 and pks12 are the first genes to be linked by mutation to intrinsic drug resistance in MAC.[1]


  1. Genes required for intrinsic multidrug resistance in Mycobacterium avium. Philalay, J.S., Palermo, C.O., Hauge, K.A., Rustad, T.R., Cangelosi, G.A. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities