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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Optimal use of a panel of methylation markers with GSTP1 hypermethylation in the diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma.

PURPOSE: In this study, we tested the ability of a panel of hypermethylation markers to improve the sensitivity of histologic prostate cancer detection in sextant needle biopsies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We obtained fresh-frozen sextant biopsies from 72 excised prostates and directly compared blinded histologic review and quantitative real-time methylation-specific PCR for hypermethylation of four genes, Tazarotene-induced gene 1 ( TIG1), adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), retinoic acid receptor beta2 (RARbeta2), and glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTP1) to detect the presence of prostate cancer. Results were compared with the final surgical pathological review of the resected prostates as the gold standard. RESULTS: Histologic review alone detected carcinoma with a sensitivity of 64% (39 of 61 cases) and 100% specificity. Quantitative real-time methylation-specific PCR for TIG1, APC, RARbeta2, and GSTP1 detected carcinoma with a sensitivity of 70%, 79%, 89%, and 75%, respectively, with 100% specificity for all of the genes. Using this panel of methylation markers in combination with histology resulted in the detection of 59 of 61 (97%) cases of prostate with 100% specificity, a 33% improvement over histology alone. CONCLUSION: The use of a panel of methylation markers as an adjunct to histologic review may substantially augment prostate cancer diagnosis from needle biopsies.[1]


  1. Optimal use of a panel of methylation markers with GSTP1 hypermethylation in the diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma. Tokumaru, Y., Harden, S.V., Sun, D.I., Yamashita, K., Epstein, J.I., Sidransky, D. Clin. Cancer Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
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