The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation of cellular phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate levels in primary macrophages affects heat-killed but not viable Mycobacterium avium's transport through the phagosome maturation process.

Most disease causing mycobacteria are intramacrophage pathogens which replicate within nonacidified phagosomes that can interact with the early endosomal network but fail to mature to a phagolysosome. The mycobacterial phagosome retain some proteins required for fusion with endocytic vesicles including Rab5 but lack others such as early endosomal autoantigen 1 (EEA1). As the membrane lipid phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns-3-P) is required for EEA1 membrane association and phagosome maturation, it may be a potential target of pathogenic mycobacteria. To test this hypothesis, macrophage cellular levels of PtdIns-3-P were altered by retroviral introduction of the type III Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase (VPS34) and the PtdIns-3-P phosphatase myotubularin 1 (MTM1). By utilizing the PtdIns-3-P-specific probes FYVE and PX coupled to EGFP (EGFP-2-FYVE and EGFP-PX, respectively), the expression of PtdIns-3-P on the mycobacterial phagosome was addressed. All phagosomes containing viable Mycobacterium avium stained positive for EGFP-2-FYVE and EGFP-PX despite obvious differences in PtdIns-3-P concentrations in cells expressing MTM1 or VPS34. Altering PtdIns-3-P cellular concentrations did not affect trafficking of live bacilli. However, a significant increase in the transport of killed bacilli to a late endosomal/lysosomal compartment was observed in VPS34-compared to MTM1-transduced macrophages. Therefore, although overexpression of PdtIns-3-P in macrophages can facilitate phagosome maturation, its effect on phagosomes containing viable M. avium was negligible.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities