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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

LAMP-1 and LAMP-2, but not LAMP-3, are reliable markers for activation-induced secretion of human mast cells.

BACKGROUND: Mast cells are resident tissue cells that induce anaphylactic reactions by rapidly releasing mediators after antigen-mediated cross-linking of immunoglobulin E receptors. In the similarly active peripheral blood basophilic leukocyte, lysosome-associated membrane protein 3 (LAMP-3; CD63) has been described as an activation marker, but LAMPs have not been investigated in normal tissue mast cells. METHODS: Intra- and extracellular expressions of LAMP-1 (CD107a), LAMP-2 (CD107b), and LAMP-3 (CD63) were analysed by flow cytometry, immunocytochemistry, and functional assays in unstimulated and stimulated leukemic human mast cell line 1 (HMC-1) and skin mast cells. RESULTS: On flow cytometry, all mast cells expressed LAMP-3 at their cell membranes, whereas LAMP-1 and LAMP-2 were barely detectable (HMC-1 cells) or expressed at low levels (<10% of skin mast cells). After fixation and permeabilisation, high intracellular levels of all three LAMPs were noted in both cell types. After stimulation, a rapid translocation of intracellular LAMPs to the cell membrane, with an associated release of histamine, leukotriene C(4) and prostaglandin D(2), was ascertained in skin mast cells only. CONCLUSION: These results show that LAMP-1 and LAMP-2 are activation markers for normal mast cells. The lack of LAMP translocation after activation of leukemic mast cells may be related to maturation or malignancy-associated defects of these cells.[1]


  1. LAMP-1 and LAMP-2, but not LAMP-3, are reliable markers for activation-induced secretion of human mast cells. Grützkau, A., Smorodchenko, A., Lippert, U., Kirchhof, L., Artuc, M., Henz, B.M. Cytometry. Part A : the journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology. (2004) [Pubmed]
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