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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Apoptotic effect of PP2 a Src tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in murine B cell leukemia.

Src is a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase that transduces signals regulating cell growth and differentiation. We report here that activation of signaling pathway after blockade of tyrosine phosphorylation by PP2 (4-amino-5-(4-chloro-phenyl)-7-(t-butyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine), a potent and selective inhibitor of the Src-family tyrosine kinase, can lead to cell death in murine B cell leukemia, 70Z/3. Death from PP2 occurred by apoptosis as indicated by the induction of caspase activation and annexin V/propidium iodide staining. Interestingly, PP2 was found to be able to enhance the DNA binding activity of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) before induction of apoptosis without accompanying by increased phosphorylation of inhibitor of NF-kappaB-alpha (IkappaB-alpha). Additionally, immunoblotting analysis with PP2-treated cell extract demonstrated that, compared to other protein kinase C (PKC) isotypes, the translocation of novel PKC isotypes from the cytosol to membrane fraction was sustained for a longer time. These data suggest that the inhibition of Src- mediated tyrosine phosphorylation by PP2 may tilt the balance between each PKC isotypes, which in turn, activate NF-kappaB transcription factor, leading to apoptosis.[1]


  1. Apoptotic effect of PP2 a Src tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in murine B cell leukemia. Lee, M., Kim, J.Y., Koh, W.S. J. Cell. Biochem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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