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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Recruitment of C-terminal Src kinase by the leukocyte inhibitory receptor CD85j.

The CD85j inhibitory receptor (also termed ILT2 or LIR-1) is a type-I transmembrane protein that belongs to the Ig superfamily and is expressed by different leukocyte lineages. The extracellular region of CD85j binds HLA class I molecules and its cytoplasmic domain displays four immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motifs (ITIM). Upon tyrosine phosphorylation CD85j recruits the SHP-1 tyrosine phosphatase, involved in negative signaling. In order to identify other molecules to which CD85j might interact with in a phosphotyrosine-dependent manner, a cDNA B-cell library was screened in a three-hybrid system in yeast using the CD85j cytoplasmic tail as bait in the presence of the Src-kinase c-fyn420, 531Y-F, 176R-Q mutant. In this system, the C-terminal Src kinase (Csk) was shown to interact with CD85j. Phosphorylation-dependent recruitment of Csk to the CD85j cytoplasmic tail was confirmed in CD85j-transfected mammalian cells by immunoprecipitation and Western blot analysis. Mutational analyses and phospho-peptide mapping suggested that the SH2 domain of Csk may preferentially bind to ITIM Y562 of CD85j; yet, mutation to phenylalanine of Y533, Y614, and Y644 also significantly reduced Csk recruitment by CD85j. Even though CD85j was detected in both anti-SHP1 and CSK immunoprecipitates, these two molecules did not co-precipitate together with CD85j. Our data support the possibility that Csk regulates the function of CD85j.[1]


  1. Recruitment of C-terminal Src kinase by the leukocyte inhibitory receptor CD85j. Sayós, J., Martínez-Barriocanal, A., Kitzig, F., Bellón, T., López-Botet, M. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2004) [Pubmed]
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