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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CCR1 and CC chemokine ligand 5 interactions exacerbate innate immune responses during sepsis.

CCR1 has previously been shown to play important roles in leukocyte trafficking, pathogen clearance, and the type 1/type 2 cytokine balance, although very little is known about its role in the host response during sepsis. In a cecal ligation and puncture model of septic peritonitis, CCR1-deficient (CCR1(-/-)) mice were significantly protected from the lethal effects of sepsis when compared with wild-type (WT) controls. The peritoneal and systemic cytokine profile in CCR1(-/-) mice was characterized by a robust, but short-lived and regulated antibacterial response. CCR1 expression was not required for leukocyte recruitment, suggesting critical differences extant in the activation of WT and CCR1(-/-) resident or recruited peritoneal cells during sepsis. Peritoneal macrophages isolated from naive CCR1(-/-) mice clearly demonstrated enhanced cytokine/chemokine generation and antibacterial responses compared with similarly treated WT macrophages. CCR1 and CCL5 interactions markedly altered the inflammatory response in vivo and in vitro. Administration of CCL5 increased sepsis-induced lethality in WT mice, whereas neutralization of CCL5 improved survival. CCL5 acted in a CCR1-dependent manner to augment production of IFN-gamma and MIP-2 to damaging levels. These data illustrate that the interaction between CCR1 and CCL5 modulates the innate immune response during sepsis, and both represent potential targets for therapeutic intervention.[1]


  1. CCR1 and CC chemokine ligand 5 interactions exacerbate innate immune responses during sepsis. Ness, T.L., Carpenter, K.J., Ewing, J.L., Gerard, C.J., Hogaboam, C.M., Kunkel, S.L. J. Immunol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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