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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mapping and mutation of the conserved DNA polymerase interaction motif (DPIM) located in the C-terminal domain of fission yeast DNA polymerase delta subunit Cdc27.

BACKGROUND: DNA polymerases alpha and delta play essential roles in the replication of chromosomal DNA in eukaryotic cells. DNA polymerase alpha (Pol alpha)-primase is required to prime synthesis of the leading strand and each Okazaki fragment on the lagging strand, whereas DNA polymerase delta (Pol delta) is required for the elongation stages of replication, a function it appears capable of performing on both leading and lagging strands, at least in the absence of DNA polymerase epsilon (Pol epsilon). RESULTS: Here it is shown that the catalytic subunit of Pol alpha, Pol1, interacts with Cdc27, one of three non-catalytic subunits of fission yeast Pol delta, both in vivo and in vitro. Pol1 interacts with the C-terminal domain of Cdc27, at a site distinct from the previously identified binding sites for Cdc1 and PCNA. Comparative protein sequence analysis identifies a protein sequence motif, called the DNA polymerase interaction motif (DPIM), in Cdc27 orthologues from a wide variety of eukaryotic species, including mammals. Mutational analysis shows that the DPIM in fission yeast Cdc27 is not required for effective DNA replication, repair or checkpoint function. CONCLUSIONS: A short protein sequence motif (DPIM) has been identified as mediating Pol alpha-Pol delta interactions in fission yeast. Despite being conserved across species, mutational analysis indicates the DPIM does not play an essential role in vivo, suggesting that interaction between the two polymerases is also non-essential.[1]


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