The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferase omega-1 and AD, vascular dementia, and stroke.

BACKGROUND: Glutathione S-transferase omega-1 (GSTO1) protects from oxidative stress, a risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), and stroke. Polymorphisms in GSTO1 might influence the function of the protein and thus the risk of AD, VaD, and stroke. METHODS: The GSTO1 gene was screened for variations. The effect of the detected polymorphisms on the risk of AD, VaD, and stroke was evaluated. CSF levels of cholesterol and plasma homocysteine levels were compared according to the GSTO1 genotype. RESULTS: Two missense polymorphisms in exon 4 of GSTO1 (Ala140Asp and Glu155DeltaGlu) were detected and tested for their association with AD, VaD, and stroke. The Asp/Asp and Ala/Asp genotypes increased the risk of stroke (p = 0.003, OR = 2.1), and the Asp/Asp genotype increased the risk of VaD (p = 0.02, OR = 2.2). GSTO1 polymorphisms did not influence the risk of AD, but the Asp allele influenced the age at onset (p = 0.05). In nondemented probands CSF levels of cholesterol were increased in carriers of the Asp/Asp genotype (p = 0.004); however, in patients with manifest dementia the authors found decreased CSF levels of cholesterol in carriers of the Asp/Asp genotype (p = 0.028). Serum homocysteine levels in stroke patients were higher in carriers of at least one Asp allele (p = 0.011). CONCLUSION: The GSTO1 Asp allele may be a genetic risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases, and might influence the course of Alzheimer disease, even though effects vary in different studies.[1]


  1. Polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferase omega-1 and AD, vascular dementia, and stroke. Kölsch, H., Linnebank, M., Lütjohann, D., Jessen, F., Wüllner, U., Harbrecht, U., Thelen, K.M., Kreis, M., Hentschel, F., Schulz, A., von Bergmann, K., Maier, W., Heun, R. Neurology (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities