The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inactivation of Enterobacter sakazakii in reconstituted infant formula by monocaprylin.

Enterobacter sakazakii is an emerging pathogen that causes meningitis, bacteremia, sepsis, and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates and children, with a mortality rate of 14%. Epidemiological studies have implicated dried infant formula as the principal source of the pathogen. Caprylic acid is a natural eight-carbon fatty acid present in breast milk and bovine milk and is approved as generally recognizable as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The objective of this study was to determine the antibacterial effect of monocaprylin (monoglyceride ester of caprylic acid) on E. sakazakii in reconstituted infant formula. A five-strain mixture of E. sakazakii was inoculated into 10-ml samples of reconstituted infant formula (at 6.0 log CFU/ml) followed by 0, 25, or 50 mM (1%) monocaprylin. The samples were incubated at 37 or 23 degrees C for 0, 1, 6, and 24 h and at 8 or 4 degrees C for 0, 6, 24, and 48 h, and the surviving populations of E. sakazakii at each sampling time were counted. The treatments containing monocaprylin significantly reduced the population of E. sakazakii (P < 0.05) compared with the controls. Monocaprylin (50 mM) reduced the pathogen by >5 log CFU/ml by 1 h of incubation at 37 or 23 degrees C and by 24 h of incubation at 8 or 4 degrees C. Results indicate that monocaprylin could potentially be used to inactivate E. sakazakii in reconstituted infant formula; however, sensory studies are warranted before its use can be recommended.[1]


  1. Inactivation of Enterobacter sakazakii in reconstituted infant formula by monocaprylin. Nair, M.K., Joy, J., Venkitanarayanan, K.S. J. Food Prot. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities